Bruce E. Levine, a practising clinical psychologist, writes and speaks about how society, culture, politics, and psychology intersect. His most recent book is A Profession Without Reason: The Crisis of Contemporary Psychiatry—Untangled and Solved by Spinoza, Freethinking, and Radical Enlightenment (2022). His Web site is

The New York Times Uncritically Repeats Discredited Antidepressant Claims

Marx, Spinoza, and the Political Implications of Contemporary Psychiatry